Adderall Side Effects
Adderall is a prescription medication that is used in the treatment
of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a condition in
which an individual exhibits a short attention span and becomes easily distracted,
overly emotional, excessively active, and highly impulsive. Adderall is also
prescribed for the treatment of attention-deficit disorder without hyperactivity
(ADD), narcolepsy (sudden and uncontrollable attacks of drowsiness and sleep)
as well as other conditions not detailed here but which may be doctor-determined
and thus prescribed accordingly.
Possible Adderall Side Effects
Loss of appetite, mental disturbances, stomach and intestinal disturbances,
tremor, twitches, nausea, nervousness, overstimulation, rapid or pounding
heartbeat, accidental injury, changes in sex drive, constipation, depression,
diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, emotional instability, exaggerated feelings
of well-being, fatigue, fever, headache, high blood pressure, hives, impotence,
indigestion, infections, insomnia, restlessness, unpleasant taste, vomiting,
weakened heart, weight loss, worsening of tics (including Tourette's syndrome).
It is quite possible for side effects other than those listed here to occur.
If this happens and/or if any seem particularly strange or bothersome, contact
a doctor or other healthcare provider.
Special Adderall Precautions
Adderall, like all amphetamines, has a very high potential for abuse. If used
in large doses over extended periods of time, it may cause dependence and
addiction. Be careful to take Adderall only as prescribed.
Do not use Adderall if you have any of the following conditions: heart disease,
hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, high pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
or an overactive thyroid gland.
Never take Adderall within 14 days of taking an antidepressant classified
as an MAO inhibitor, including Nardil and Parnate. A potentially life-threatening
spike in blood pressure could result.
Adderall should not be prescribed if you have ever had a reaction to similar
stimulant drugs. Additionally, your doctor may avoid prescribing Adderall
if you appear agitated or prone to substance abuse.
If you have even a mild case of high blood pressure, Adderall should be taken
with caution. Be careful as well about driving or operating machinery until
you know how this drug affects you. It may impair judgment and coordination.
Adderall can make tics and twitches worse. If you or a family member has this
problem (or the condition called Tourette's syndrome), ensure that the doctor
is aware of it. Amphetamines such as Adderall have also been known to aggravate
symptoms in seriously disturbed (psychotic) individuals.
If the problem is attention-deficit disorder, the doctor should do a complete
history and evaluation before prescribing Adderall, taking particular account
of the severity of the symptoms and the age of your child. If the problem
is a temporary reaction to a stressful situation, Adderall is probably not
At present, there has been no experience with long-term Adderall therapy in
children. However, other amphetamine-based medications have been known to
stunt growth, so your doctor will need to watch the child carefully.
If Adderall is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could
be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with
your doctor before combining Adderall with any of the following drugs - Acetazolamide
(Diamox); Antihistamines such as Benadryl and Chlor-Trimeton; Drugs classified
as MAO inhibitors, including the antidepressants Nardil and Parnate; Drugs
that make the urine more acidic, such as Uroquid-Acid No. 2; Glutamic acid
(an amino acid related to MSG); High blood pressure medications such as Calan,
guanethidine, HydroDIURIL, Hytrin, Procardia, and reserpine; Lithium (Eskalith,
Lithobid); Major tranquilizers such as Haldol and Thorazine; Meperidine (Demerol);
Methenamine (Urised); Norepinephrine (Levophed); Propoxyphene (Darvon); Seizure
medications such as Dilantin, phenobarbital, and Zarontin; "Tricyclic"
antidepressants such as Norpramin, Tofranil, and Vivactil; Vitamin C.
Warning: This information is intended to
supplement, not be a substitute for the expertise and judgment of
a doctor. Please consult a doctor for final and more detailed information
about the possible side effects of this prescription medication.